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To provide observations and information on the emerging fields of landscape scale conservation, heritage preservation, and sustainable community development.

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International Models

Large living landscape conservation initiatives are going on around the world, in a variety of settings and under the management of diverse groups and coalitions. Below are a few examples.

French Regional Parks (Parcs Naturels Regionaux)

The French Regional Nature Parks are primarily working regional landscapes recognized for their exceptional scenic, cultural, and natural qualities. The mission of the parks is to protect, manage, and interpret cultural and natural heritage and to work with local governments to encourage sustainable economic and social development.  Regional and local governments must request this designation and then adopt a twelve-year charter agreement that defines the character of the region and sets common management priorities. Forty-five regions have been designated as regional nature parks. The French Ministry of Ecology and Sustainable Development provides national oversight and funding for the program and a nonprofit federation provides technical assistance, studies and advocacy.

Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty

Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONBs) in England, Ireland and Wales are recognized for their landscape qualities. They are established for the purpose of conserving and enhancing their natural beauty which includes landforms and geology, plants and animals, landscape features and the rich history of human settlement over the centuries. There are 38 AONBs in England and Wales. Created by the National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act of 1949, these areas represent 18% of the finest countryside in England and Wales. Statutorily designated by the national governments, they are managed by local authorities or especially created conservation boards. Northern Ireland also has established an Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty designation and has named eight areas.

Visit Natural England for more information.